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Bidara Upas (Merremia mammosa)

Figure 1. Bidara upas

1.  Name of Plant

SynonymBatatta mammosa, Rumph.= Convoivuius mammosa, Hall. = lpomoea mammosa, Chois.
Familia : Convolvulaceae

Local names: Blanar, widara upas (Jawa), hailale (Ambon).

2. Classification of Plants

3. Description of Plants

Bidara upas is a creeping or convolute planta length of 3-6 m, small trunkwhen held somewhat slipperyand the color is a bit dark. Single leaf, long-stemmed, heart-shaped, flat edge, tapered tip, 5-12 cm long, 4-15 cm wide, and dark green. The flower shape like umbrella fork gather1-4 flowers, shaped like a white bell, length of 7-8 cm, with 4 strands of petals. Bulbs collect in the soil, Similar to sweet potato. When the land is dryand no stagnant waterand friable, it can weigh up to 5 kg or more. Skin tuber color is brownish yellow, skin thick and gummy white, turn brown when dry. Propagation by stem cuttingor planting tuber.

4. Habitat and Spreading

Grows wild in the forest,sometimes planted in the yard near the fenceas a medicinal plant orbecause the edible tuber. Grow well in the tropicsfrom the lowlandto a height of 250 m above sea level. These plants may be imported from the Philippines.

5. Ingredients and Benefits of Plants

Chemical Properties and Pharmacological Effects: Anti-inflammation, relieve pain(analgesic), eliminate swelling, laxative, neutralize toxins(antidote), conditioning.

Chemical Ingredients: Resin, resin, starch, bitter substances. Fresh sap contains substances oxydase (Anonim, 2005). In traditional medicine, Bidara Upas tuberoften usedcancer treatment therapy. Oxidase substances ofbidara upas fresh sapalso suspectedhave a role in cancer treatment alternative.

Can treat fever, cough, hoarse, diphtheria, strep throat, pneumonia; appendicitis, Typhoid, constipation, vomiting blood, diabetes, poisoning, snake bites, leprosy, syphilis(Luns).

Contributors : Adam Hermawan and Rina Maryani