Menu

Kemiri/Candlenut (Aleurites Moluccana)

Kemiri/Candlenut(Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd.)

1. Name of Plants

Name candlenut for each region in Indonesia is : Kereh (Aceh), Hambiri (Batak), Buah koreh (Minangkabau), Kemiri (Melayu, Jawa), Muncang (Sunda), Kameri (Bali), Kawilu (Sumba), Sapiri (Makasar), Sakete (Ternate), Engas (Ambon), Hagi (Buru).

2. Classification

Kingdom : Plantae
Division : Spermatophyta
Subdivision : Angiospermae
Class : Dicotyledoneae
Order : Euphorbiales
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Genus : Aleurites
Species : Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd.

3. Morphology of Plants

Figure 2. Candlenut tree

Tree, 25-30 m high. Stems upright, woody, surface many lenticels, branching simpodial, chocolate. Single leaf, alternate, oval, flat edge, wavy, pointed tip, base obtuse, pertulangan pinnate, upper surface smooth, smooth down, 18-25 cm long, 7-11 cm wide, cylindrical stalk, green. Compound interest, panicle shape, androgynous, at the ends of branches, white. Fruit ovoid, jointed, while still young green after old brown, wrinkled. Round seeds, crustaceans, grooved, ± 3.5 cm in diameter, fleshy, oily, brownish white. Taproot, chocolate.

4. Habitat and Spread
A native Indonesia plant, there is also in Southeast Asia, Polynesia, South Asia, and Brazil.

5. Chemical Ingredients
Meat seeds, leaves and roots Aleurites moluccana contain saponin, flavonoids and polyphenols, in addition to the meat seeds contain fatty oil. In the cortex contain tanin.

efficacy
Meat seeds are laxative. In Ambon the cortex is used as an anti-tumor
(Harini, 2000), in Jawa used as a cure diarrhea, mouth sores and dysentery, in Sumatra leaves are used to cure headaches and gonnorhea. Hazelnut oil proved efficacious as a medicine hair grower (Julaiha, 2003).

6. Anticancer research

Parts of the plant that has been proven as anticancer etnofitomedis is the cortex, which mainly contain tannins, that have activity, as immunostimulant, by increasing the secretion Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) and as an antiproliferative agent that also induces apoptosis (Gali-Muhtasib et al., 2001).

 

References:

Gali-Muhtasib, H. U., Younes, I. H., Karchesy,J.J., El-Sabban, Marwan E., 2001, Plant Tannins Inhibit the Induction of Aberrant Crypt Foci and Colonic Tumors by 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine in Mice

Harini, M., Zuhud, Sangat E.A.M., Damayanti, Ellyn K., 2000, Kamus Penyakit dan Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia (Etnofitomedika I), Yayasan Obor Indonesia, Jakarta, 115, 172.

Julaiha, S., 2003, Pengaruh Fraksi PE Ekstrak Etanolik Biji Kemiri (Aleuritis moluccana, (L.) Willd) terhadap Kecepatan Pertumbuhan Rambut Kelinci Jantan dan Uji Kualitatif Kandungan Asam Lemak dan Sterolnya, Skripsi, Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Contributors: A. Fauzi Romadhon

Editor: Sarmoko

Figure 2. Candlenut tree

Tree, 25-30 m high. Stems upright, woody, surface many lenticels, branching simpodial, chocolate. Single leaf, alternate, oval, flat edge, wavy, pointed tip, base obtuse, pertulangan pinnate, upper surface smooth, smooth down, 18-25 cm long, 7-11 cm wide, cylindrical stalk, green.Compound interest, panicle shape, androgynous, at the ends of branches, white. Fruit ovoid, jointed, while still young green after old brown, wrinkled. Round seeds, crustaceans, grooved, ± 3.5 cm in diameter, fleshy, oily, brownish white. Taproot, chocolate.

4. Habitat and Spread
A native Indonesia plant, there is also in Southeast Asia, Polynesia, South Asia, and Brazil.

5. Chemical Ingredients
Meatseeds, leavesandrootsAleurites moluccana contain saponin, flavonoids and polyphenols, in addition to the meat seeds contain fatty oil. In the cortex containtanin.

efficacy
Meat seeds are laxative. In Ambon the cortex is used as an anti-tumor
(Harini, 2000), in Jawa used as a cure diarrhea, mouth sores and dysentery, in Sumatra leaves are used to cure headaches and gonnorhea. Hazelnut oil proved efficacious as a medicine hair grower(Julaiha, 2003).

6. Anticancer research

Parts of the plant that has been proven as anticancer etnofitomedis is the cortex, which mainly contain tannins, that have activity, as immunostimulant, by increasing the secretionTumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) and as an antiproliferative agent that also induces apoptosis(Gali-Muhtasib et al., 2001).